Henry Willis Baxley

Birth: 1803, Jun.
Death: 1876, Mar. 13
Occupation: doctor

Associated Counties

  • Baltimore City

US Census

Year Occupation County Ward/District Post Office Page
1850 physician Baltimore City 14 456

Directories

Date Name Occupation Address City
1849-1850 H.W. Baxley doctor 175 Fayette St. Baltimore City
1835-1836 H. Willes Baxley doctor Fayette St east of Paca Baltimore City
1867-1868 Henry W. Baxley doctor 288 Madison Ave. Baltimore City
1868-1869 Henry W. Baxley doctor 185 W Fayette Baltimore City
1865-1866 Henry W. Baxley doctor 185 W Fayette Baltimore City
1829 Henry W. Baxley doctor office SE corner of Howard and Franklin Sts. Baltimore City
1833 Henry W. Baxley doctor Fayette west of Eutaw St. Baltimore City
1827 H.W. Baxley M.D. SE corner of Howard and Franklin Baltimore City
1863-1864 H. Willis Baxley doctor 185 W Fayette Baltimore City
1851 Henry W. Baxley doctor 175 Fayette Baltimore City
1859 Henry W. Baxley physician 185 Fayette Baltimore City
1853-1854 H. W. Baxley doctor 175 W. Fayette St. Baltimore City

Additional Information

  • Dates:
    Notes: See also:
    Allibone’s Critical Dictionary of English Literature: A Supplement. British and American authors. Two volumes. By John Foster Kirk. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1891. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1965. (Alli SUP)

    Dictionary of American Biography. Volumes 1-20. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1928-1936. (DcAmB)

    Dictionary of American Medical Biography. Lives of eminent physicians of the United States and Canada, from the earliest times. By Howard A. Kelly and Walter L. Burrage. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1928. Reprint. Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands: Longwood Press, 1979. (DcAmMeB)

    A Dictionary of North American Authors Deceased before 1950. Compiled by W. Stewart Wallace. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1951. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1968. (DcNAA)

    Who Was Who in America. A component volume of “Who’s Who in American History.” Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Revised Edition. Chicago: Marquis Who’s Who, 1967. (WhAm HS)
    Source:

  • Dates: 1803-1876
    Notes: Henry Willis Baxley, a founder of the first dental college in the world, was born at Baltimore in June, 1803, and educated at St. Mary’s College in the same city, afterwards attending medical lectures in the University of Maryland and receiving his M.D. from that institution in 1824. From 1826 to 1829 he was attending physician to the Baltimore General Dispensary and from 1831 to 1832 held the same post at the Maryland Penitentiary. He was appointed demonstrator of anatomy at the University of Maryland in 1834. In 1837 he became professor of anatomy and physiology in the University of Maryland (Trustee’s School), succeeding Prof. Eli Geddings, who had resigned. In 1840 he held the same chair in the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, then founded. From 1842 to 1847 he was professor of surgery in the Washington University of Baltimore; from 1849 to 1850 he was physician to the Baltimore Almshouse; in the latter year he moved to Cincinnati, having accepted the chair of anatomy in the medical College of Ohio; in 1852 he was transferred to the chair of surgery in the same insitution; in 1865 he was government inspector of hospitals, and the following year went to Europe where he remained until 1875 when he removed to Baltimore, and on March 13 of the following year he died there.

    Dr. Baxley was a thorough anatomist, and an able teacher and surgeon. Among his operations was entire removal of the lower jaw for osteosarcoma (reported 1839). Among his more important writings were two works written while he was abroad: “What I saw on the West Coast of North and South America and at the Hawaiian Islands,” New York, 1865, 632 pages, illustrated; “Spain, Art Remains, Art Realities, Painters, Priests and Princes, being Notes of Things seen and Opinions formed during nearly Three Years Residence and Travel in that Country,” two volumes, London, 1875.

    Dr. Baxley incurred the enmity of the medical faculty of the University of Maryland who thought that he sided with the trustees in the differences that arose between the two bodies, and it was his election to the chair of anatomy in that institution by the latter in 1837 that led to the disruption of the school, to the two medical faculties, to the famous suit of Regents vs. Trustees, and to the restoration of the institution to the regents by the Court of Appeals of Maryland in 1839. Baxley left one son, Claude, who followed his father’s profession.

    Eugene F. COrdell

    Hist. Sketch Univ. Ind. Soc. Of Med., E.F. Cordell, 1907. Portrait.

    Source: Kelly, Howard A. and Burrage, Walter J., American Medical Biographies Baltimore: Norman, Remington Company: 75

  • Dates: 1803-1876
    Notes: Born in Baltimore, June, 1803. Educated at St. Mary’s College, Baltimore; M.D., University of Maryland, 1824; Attending Physician, Baltimore General Dispensary, 1826-29; Attending Physician, Maryland Penitentiary, 1831-32; Demonstrator of Anatomy, University of Maryland, 1834-37; Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, University of Maryland (Trustees’ School), 1837-39; Founder, and Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1839; Professor of Surgery, Washington Medical College, Baltimore, 1842-47; Orator, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty, 1848; Physician to Almshouse, 1849-50; Professor of Anatomy, Medical College of Ohio, 1850, and of Surgery, 1852′ Government Inspector of Hospitals, 1865; in Europe, 1866-75; he was the author of works on the ‘West Coast of America and Haqaiian Islands,’ 8vo, New York, 1865, and ‘Spain,’ 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1875. Died at Baltimore, March 13, 1876.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 315
  • Dates: 1824
    Notes: M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine (1807-1890), with an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalog of Medical Alumni Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 163
  • Dates: 1825
    Notes: MD, University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Md.
    Source: University of Maryland School of Medicine, Catalogue of the Alumni of the School of Medicine Baltimore: Printed by Sherwood & Co.: 3
  • Dates: 1826-1829
    Notes: Attending Physician, Baltimore General Dispensary
    Source: Baxley, C. Herbert, ed., A History of the Baltimore General Dispensary Baltimore: Baltimore General Dispensary Foundation, Inc.: 109
  • Dates: 1826-49
    Notes: Served as Attending Physician, Baltimore General Dispensary, 1826-49
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 251
  • Dates: 1834-37
    Notes: Demonstrator of Anatomy, University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine (1807-1890), with an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalog of Medical Alumni Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 211
  • Dates: 1837
    Notes: Faculty of Physic of University of Maryland withdraws from control of Trustees and forms a separate school, occupying the old Indian Queen Hotel, corner Baltimore and Hanover Streets. The Regents institute suit for recovery of their rights under the charter. The Trustees fill the vacancies with a new faculty; Drs. J. F. May, of Washington, H. W. Baxley and others continue the courses.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 695
  • Dates: 1837
    Notes: “The Medical Faculty of the University withdraw from under the control of the Trustees and open a Lecture Room at old Indian Queen Hotel (corner Baltimore and Hanover streets), where they remained for two years. The Regents of the Medical University instituted a suit for the recovery of their rights under the original charter. Drs. Fred. May elected Prof. ____?; H. Willes Baxley, Prof. of Anatomy and Physiology; Robt. E. Dorsey, Materia Medica; Wm. R. Fisher, Chemistry; Henry Howard, Obstetrics; M.A. Finly, Prof. ____? By the Board of Trustees of the Medical University. Drs. W.E.A. Aikin, Prof. of Chemistry, and Sam G. Baker, Prof. of Materia Medica in the Medical University, by Regents.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 36
  • Dates: 1839
    Notes: Dr. H. Willis Baxley removes lower jaw for ostoesarcoma.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 696
  • Dates: 1839
    Notes: Dr. H. Willis Baxley removes lower jaw for osteosarcoma.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 696
  • Dates: 1839
    Notes: Baltimore College of Dental Surgery incorporated, the first in the world. Faculty: Drs. H. H. Hayden, Chapin A. Harris, Thomas E. Bond, Jr., and H. Willis Baxley.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 696
  • Dates: 1839
    Notes: “Baltimore College of Dental Surgery organized: Dr. H.H. Hayden, Professor of Dental Pathology and Physiology; Chapin A. Harris, M.D., Prof. of Practical Dentistry; Thomas E. Bond, Jr., M.D., Prof. of Special Dental Pathology and Therapeutics, and H. Willis Baxley, M.D., Prof. of Special Dental Anatomy and Physiology.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 37
  • Dates: 1839/03/06
    Notes: “Dr. H.W. Baxley removes the entire lower jaw for Osteosarcoma (Balt. Lit. Monument, vols. I and II, p. 191, Feb.).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 37
  • Dates: 1842-43 session until 1844-45 session
    Notes: became Professor of Anatomy and Operative Surgery, Washington Medical College
    Source: Abrahams, Harold J., Extinct Medical Schools of Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society: 20
  • Dates: 1844
    Notes: Served as Baltimore School Commissioner, 1844
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 249
  • Dates: 1844
    Notes: Served as Manager of the Poor, 1844
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 249
  • Dates: 1845-46 session
    Notes: Professor of Anatomy and Operative Surgery, Washington Medical College
    Source: Abrahams, Harold J., Extinct Medical Schools of Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society: 20
  • Dates: 1848/10/24
    Notes: Interesting Operation. — A very interesting and delicate operation in
    Lithotomy, was performed on Saturday by Dr. Baxley. The patient was a little
    boy, five years old, who had been laboring under this painful disease from his
    infancy, though the true character of the disease was not suspected till the
    case was brought to the attention of Dr. B. After preparing the little sufferer
    for the operation, he proceeded to extract the stone from the bladder, which he
    accomplished with success. The stone had attained the weight of nearly one
    ounce, so that it was necessary to break it before it could be removed, and it
    was therefore taken away in fragments. Chloroform was administered to the little
    patient, and he was kept under it influence during the whole time of the
    operation, and no unfavorable symptom resulted. The extreme youth of the child
    made the operation one of great delicacy, and it is gratifying to know that it
    was in all respects successful. — Patriot.

    Source: Sun (Baltimore) 24 Oct. 1848

    Source:

  • Dates: 1849
    Notes: Cholera at Almshouse; 669 inmates, 155 cases, 86 deaths, but as soon as its source, a foul sewer, was discovered and removed, the disease ceased. Thos. H. Buckler and H. W. Baxley, physicians.
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 39