William Alexander Hammond

Birth: 1828, Aug. 28
Death: 1900, Jan. 5
Occupation: doctor

Associated Counties

  • Baltimore City

Additional Information

  • Dates: 1828-1900
    Notes: Born at Annapolis, August 28, 1828; son of Dr. J.W. Hammond. M.D., University of New York, 1848; Assistant Surgeon, U.S.A., 1849-59 and 1861; Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, University of Maryland, 1860-61; Surgeon-General, U.S.A., 1862-64; founder of the Army Medical Museum and Library, and suggested ‘Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion;’ dismissed 1864; Professor of Diseases of the Mind and Nervous System, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, Bellevue Hospital Medical College, and the University of New York, successively, 1864-82; Lecturer at the University of Vermont; restored to service as Surgeon-General (retired), U.S.A., 1879; Founder of the Post-graduate School, New York, 1882; resigned, 1888; Superintendent, Private Sanitorium for Nervous Diseases, Washington, D.C., 1888; President, American Neurological Association; editor of several journals; author of numerous works on Nervous and other diseases, also of works of fiction. Died at Washington, D.C., January 6, 1900.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 426
  • Dates: 1828-1905
    Notes:

    William Alexander Hammond
    Highest Rank: Brig-Gen
    Birth Date: 1828
    Birth Place: Annapolis, Maryland
    Biography:
    WILLIAM ALEXANDER HAMMOND
    
    Hammond, William A., brigadier-general, was born in Annapolis, Md., Aug. 28, 1828. He was graduated M. D. at the University of the City of New York in 1848 and entered the U. S. army in 1849 as assistant surgeon with the rank of 1st lieutenant. After eleven years spent on the frontier he resigned in Oct., 1860, to become professor of anatomy and physiology in the University of Maryland, but reentered the
    army, May, 1861, as assistant surgeon, and organized United States hospitals at Hagerstown, Frederick and Baltimore. Upon the reorganization of the medical department he was appointed surgeon-general of the U. S. army with the rank of brigadier-general U. S. A. in April, 1862, through the urgent request of Gen. McClellan and the United States sanitary commission. He instituted radical changes in the  management of his office,  established the army medical museum by special order, and increased the efficiency of the field, camp and permanent hospital service many fold, making it fully competent to
    handle an army of 1,000,000 men. On account of charges preferred against him of irregularity in the award of liquor contracts, he was tried by court-martial and dismissed from the army in Aug., 1864, but in 1879, upon a review of the court-martial proceedings made by the president, he was restored to his place on the army rolls as surgeon-general and brigadier-general and placed on the retired list. Upon
    leaving the army Dr. Hammond practiced medicine in New York city, attaining prominence as an authority on nervous diseases, on which he delivered many lectures before medical students. He was the author of a number of technical works, mainly on diseases of the nervous system, and of several
    novels. He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 5, 1900.
    
    Source: The Union Army, vol. 8

    Source: American Civil War Research Database, Officers. See: Ancestry.com

  • Dates: 1860
    Notes: Dr. William A. Hammond, Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in [University of Maryland].
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 42
  • Dates: 1860-61
    Notes: Professor, University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine (1807-1890), with an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalog of Medical Alumni Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 210
  • Dates: 1861
    Notes: Stationed at General Hospital, “Camden Street or National Hotel”, A.S.U.S.A. to Dec. 17, 1861. In charge
    Source: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, Records Concerning Medical Personnel, 1839-1914, Station Books, Acting Assistant Surgeons and Surgeons, U.S. Volunteers: Civil War. National Archives, p. 64
  • Dates: 1900/01/05
    Notes: [Grave marker], Dr. William Alexander Hammond, Arlington National Cemetery
    Source: FindAGrave.com