Nathaniel Potter

Birth: 1770
Death: 1843, Jan. 2
Occupation: doctor

Associated Counties

  • Baltimore City
  • Caroline

US Census

Year Occupation County Ward/District Post Office Page
1840 Baltimore City 7 17
1830 Baltimore City 7 279
1820 Baltimore City 7 267

Directories

Date Name Occupation Address City
1814-1815 Nathaniel Potter doctor 7 S. Charles Street Baltimore City
1840-1841 Nathaniel Potter doctor Lexington St. west of St. Paul Baltimore City
1816 Nathaniel Potter doctor German Lane near Sharp Street Baltimore City
1808 Potter doctor 16 South Gay Street Baltimore City
1835-1836 Nathaniel Potter doctor; professor of pathology and practice of medicine, University of Maryland Lexington St NE of Charles Baltimore City
1810 Nathaniel Potter doctor 18 S. Gay Street Baltimore City
1804 Nathaniel Potter M.D. 18 S Gay Street Baltimore City
1817-1818 Nathaniel Potter doctor German Lane Baltimore City
1803 Nathaniel Potter M.D. 18 S. Gay Street Baltimore City
1842 Nathaniel Potter doctor St. Paul st opposite Masonic Hall Baltimore City
1833 Nathaniel Potter doctor, professor of theory and practice of medicine in Maryland University dwelling: Lexington St third door east of N Charles Baltimore City
1829 Nathaniel Potter M.D. Lexngton, west of the Athenaeum Baltimore City
1831 Nathaniel Potter professor of theory and practice of medicine in Maryland University dwelling Lexington St 3d door east of Charles Baltimore City
1827 Nathaniel Potter M.D. Lexington south side east of Charles Baltimore City
1824 Nathaniel Potter M.D. New Church, south side east of Charles Baltimore City

Additional Information

  • Dates:
    Notes:

    MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY
    
    ---------------------------
    RECORD
    ---------------------------
    
    Author
    Poter, Nathaniel, 1770-1843.
    
    Title Statement
    A memoir on contagion, more especially as it respects the yellow fever :
    read in convention of the Medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland, on
    the 3d of June, 1817. / By Nathaniel Potter...
    
    Published
    Baltimore : E. J. Coale, 1818.
    
    Description
    1 p.l., iv, [3]-117, [1] p. ; 24 cm.
    
    LCCN
    07029264
    
    Title Statement
    A memoir on contagion, more especially as it respects the yellow fever :
    read in convention of the Medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland, on
    the 3d of June, 1817. / By Nathaniel Potter...
    
    General Note
    Benjamin Edes, printer.
    
    Subject
    Yellow fever.
    
    Call Number
    MP3.P868M Octavo
    
    Location
    Main Reading Room
    

    Source:

  • Dates:
    Notes:

    MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY
    
    ---------------------------
    RECORD
    ---------------------------
    
    Author
    Potter, Nathaniel, 1770-1843.
    
    Title Statement
    A memoir on contagion, more especially as it respects the yellow fever :
    read in convention of the Medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland, on
    the 3d of June, 1817.
    
    Published
    Baltimore : E.J. Coale, 1818.
    
    Description
    1 p.1., iv, [3]-117, [1] p. : ; 24 cm.
    
    Title Statement
    A memoir on contagion, more especially as it respects the yellow fever :
    read in convention of the Medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland, on
    the 3d of June, 1817.
    
    Call Number
    MP 3. P868 M
    
    Location
    Main Reading Room
    
    

    Source:

  • Dates: 1770
    Notes:

    Nathaniel POTTER
    Sex:  M
    
    Event(s):
    Birth:  1770
    Easton, Talbot, Maryland
    
    Parents:
    Father:  Zabdiel POTTER
    Mother:  Lucy BRUFF
    

    Source: FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v4.02
    Source:

  • Dates: 1770-1843
    Notes: See biography.
    Source: Jensen, Christian E., Lives of Caroline County Maryland Physicians, 1774-1984 Denton: Baker Printing Company: 129-131
  • Dates: 1770-1843
    Notes: Author and teacher, Nathaniel Potter, founder of the University of Maryland and for thirty-six years professor of medicine there, was born at Easton, Talbot County, Maryland, in 1770; his ancestors came from Rhode Island, and his father, Dr. Zabiel Potter, served as surgeon in the Revolutionary Army. He was educated at a college in New Jersey and studied medicine under Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia. He graduated M.D. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1796, his thesis being “On the Medicinal and Deleterious Effects of Arsenic.” In 1797 he settled in practice in Baltimore and continued in active professional work until his last illness. On the organization of the College of Medicine of Maryland (later the University of Maryland), December 28, 1807, he became professor of principles and practice of medicine and continued in the occupancy of this chair until he died. The other positions which he held were: Dean of the College of Medicine, 1812, 1814; president, Baltimore Medical Society 1812; president Medical Society of Maryland, 1817; one of the editors of Maryland Medical and Surgical Journal, 1840-1843. Among his more important writings were: “An Account of the Rise and Progress of the University of Maryland,” 1838; “Memoir on Contagion,” 1818; “On the Locusta Septentrionalis,” 1839; American editions of Armstrong on “Typhus Fever,” 1821, and (with S. Calhoun) “Gregory’s Practice,” two volumes, 1826 and 1829 (two editions).

    Professor Potter was of medium height, full figure and ruddy complexion. There is an oil painting of him at the University of Maryland, pronounced a faithful likeness. He was an implicit believer in the resources of medicine; and relied especially upon calomel and the lancet, carrying the use of both far beyond what would be considered allowable at this day. He did no believe in the vis medicatrix naturae, and is said to have told his pupils that if nature came in the door he would pitch her out of the window. Potter was a man of wonderful skill in diagnosis and of national fame. He showed his courage by making himself the subject of experiments with the secretions of yellow fever patients, thus establishing the non-contagiousness of that disease. In this he combated the view of Rush. His later years were embittered by pecuniary embarrassment and the expenses of his burial were borne by his professional friends. He died suddenly, during a fit of coughing, January 2, 1843, in his seventy-third year. His remains repose in Greenmount Cemetery, unmarked by stone or device.

    He married twice, but his family is now extinct.

    Eugene F. Cordell

    Quinan’s Annals of Baltimore, 1884.
    Cordell’s Historical Sketch, 1891.
    Cordell’s Medical Annals of Maryland, 1903; and Cordell’s History of the University of Maryland, 2 vols., 1907.
    There are several portraits of Dr. Potter, two in oil, a third a profile by Dr. Merwin.

    Source: Kelly, Howard A. and Burrage, Walter J., American Medical Biographies Baltimore: Norman, Remington Company: 930-931

  • Dates: 1770-1843
    Notes: Born at Easton, Talbot County, Md., 1770. Educated at a college in New Jersey; pupil of Dr. B. Rush; M.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1796; began practice at Baltimore, 1797; Attending Physician, Baltimore General Dispensary, 1802-05; Secretary, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, 1801-09; Founder of the College of Medicine of Maryland, 1807; Professor of Practice in College of Medicine and the University of Maryland, 1807-43; Dean of same, 1812 and 1814; President, Baltimore Medical Society, 1812, and Medical Society of Maryland, 1817; Orator, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty, 1817; Attending Physician, Baltimore Almshouse; Editor, Baltimore Medical and Philosophical Lyceum, 1811 (quarterly, four numbers published); Editor, Maryland Medical and Surgical Journal (quarterly), 1840-43; author of “Memoir on Contagion,” 8vo, Balti-more, 1818; “On the Locusta Septentrionalis,” 8vo, Baltimore, 1839; edited with notes, “Armstrong on Typhus Fever,” 8vo, Baltimore, 1821; edited (with S. Calhoun) “Gregory’s Practice,” 2 vols., 8vo, Philadelphia (two editions), 1826 and 1829. Died at Baltimore, January 2, 1843.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 537
  • Dates: 1796
    Notes: “Dr. Nathaniel Potter, of Caroline county, Maryland, settles in Baltimore.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 19
  • Dates: 1796
    Notes: Drs. John Beale Davidge, Nathaniel Potter and John Crawford begin practice in Baltimore.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 668
  • Dates: 1798
    Notes: POTTER, Dr. Nathaniel, and Miss Kitty Goldsborough were married Sun., 3 June in Tal. Co., at Belleair, the seat of Mrs. Catherine Goldsborough, by Rev. Bowie (Baltimore Federal Gazette, 22 June 1798)
    Source: Barnes, Robert, Marriages and Deaths from Baltimore Newspapers 1796-1816 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 258
  • Dates: 1800-1808
    Notes: Assessment Book 1800, p. 187; 1801-1803, p. 295; 1804-1808, p. 342
    Source:
  • Dates: 1803, Jun. 3
    Notes: “Medical and Chirurgical Faculty meet. Nat. Potter, Secretary; H. Wilkins, Treasurer; Censors Western Shore, Drs. Coulter, Crawford, Alexander, Archer, Sen., Geo. Brown, Chas. A. Warfield and James Stewart. Drs. Brown, Davidge et al. are appointed a committee to digest a plan for a Medical College.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 24
  • Dates: 1804
    Notes: “Medical Society of Baltimore, President, Dr. Dunkel; Vice-President, Jno. Crawford; J.B. Davidge, Secretary; Drs. Smyth, Mackenzie (C.), Potter, Chatard (P.), Alexander, members.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 24
  • Dates: 1807, Dec. 18
    Notes: “The College of Medicine, of Maryland, incorporated. Drs. Davidge, Shaw, Cocke, Brown (Geo.), Wm. Donaldson and Thos. E. Bond, in charter as professors of the new college, but the last three in decline, and Dr. Nat. Potter is elected to chair of Practice, vice Dr. Brown. Dr. Davidge erects an Anatomical Hall, southeast corner Liberty and Saratoga streets, as a lecture and dissecting room, but it is torn down and his anatomical preparations destroyed by a mob (Griffiths’ Annals; Potter’s History of the College).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 25
  • Dates: 1807-43
    Notes: Professor, University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine (1807-1890), with an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalog of Medical Alumni Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 210
  • Dates: 18111
    Notes: Medical and Philosophical Lycaeum, quarterly, published by Dr. N. Potter (one volume).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 678
  • Dates: 1812, 1814
    Notes: Dean, University of Maryland School of Medicine
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine (1807-1890), with an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalog of Medical Alumni Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 209
  • Dates: 1813/10/02
    Notes: Report of the committee of faculty of physick of the University of Maryland appointed to “examine into and report the present state of the Institution.”
    Source: Niles’ Weekly Register (Baltimore), 1813/10/02
  • Dates: 1817, Jan. 16
    Notes: “Legislature grant Lottery Scheme of $100,000 to Drs. Davidge, Potter, Baker, Gibson, McDowell and DeButts, and others, for the benefit of the Medical University.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 28
  • Dates: 1817/01/16
    Notes: Legislature grants lottery scheme of $100,000 to Drs. Davidge, Potter, Baker, Gibson, McDowell and DeButts for benefit of the University (January 16).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 683
  • Dates: 1817/02
    Notes: Medical Society of Maryland incorporated, Dr. N. Potter, President, and other charter members Drs. E. DeButts, Samuel Baker, Tobias Watkins, Ezra Gillingham, John B. Caldwell, James Middleton, Maxwell McDowell, R.W. Hall and Thomas Hall (February); first meeting held November 1.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 683
  • Dates: 1818
    Notes: Clinical Lectures delivered at City Hospital by Prof. N. Potter, with permission of Drs. Smyth and Mackenzie.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 683
  • Dates: 1818
    Notes: “Clinical Lectures at Maryland Hospital by Dr. Nat. Potter, by permission of Drs. Smyth and Mackenzie.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 28
  • Dates: 1818
    Notes: Description of the Medical College of Maryland.
    Source: Niles’ Weekly Register (Baltimore), 1818
  • Dates: 1820
    Notes: “Physicians attending yellow fever in Baltimore, 1819-20, were: Allender (Jos.); Alexander (Ashton); Baker (Sam.); Brevitt (Jos.); Clark (M.D.); Clendinen (Wm. Haslett and Alexander); Diffenderfer (Mich.); Dunan (L.M.); Dorsey (Robt. E.); Dorsey (Henry); Ealer (Peter); Elbert; Gillingham (Ezra); Giraud (J.J.); Hall (R.W.); Henderson (Josiah); Jennings (Sam. K.); Johnstone (Henry); Martin (S.B.); Macauly (P.); O’Connor (John); Owen (John); Page (James); Potter (N.); Reese (D.M.); Stewart (W.A.); Smith (Jas.); Taylor (J.B.); Murphy (Thos. L.); Caldwell (J.B.); Readell.

    Of the noble exertions of these men the Mayor says: ‘In adverting to this calamity I should commit an act of injustice were I to omit to notice the humane and magnanimous exertions of those medical gentlemen residing in or near the vicinity of the infected district, and those who extended their assistance when the disease had attained its greatest extent and malignity; some time previous to which period, the more wealthy of our citizens and their families from within the district had removed, and very few remained except those who, by their deprivation of their means of support or from extreme indigence were able to afford but little prospect to the physician of pecuniary renumeration, equal to that which he might actually be called upon to expend from his own means on this account. They still perservered and attended indiscriminately all, the rich and poor, suffering no consideration to deter them from the indulgence of their philanthropic feelings. As the cases multiplied the calls upon them increased, and their natural rest was destroyed and their anxieties strained to such a pitch that their own lives appeared likely to become a sacrifice to their disinterested zeal.’ (Mayor Johnson’s Rep. In Doc. of this Ep., pp. 179-80).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 29

  • Dates: 1820
    Notes: “The City Council in partial recognition of services and expenses for medicine by the physicians of East Baltimore, grant them $1500. They also granted a small sum to Drs. J.C.S. Monkur, L. Rodriguez, and the widow of Dr. John O’Connor.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 30
  • Dates: 1826/03/08
    Notes: “Board of Trustees of Maryland Unversity (Medical Department) meet and organize, and reappoint Drs. Davidge, Potter, DeButts, Hall, Baker, and McDowell, who accept their positions, and they also Dr. John Buckler as Adjunct Professor of Anatomy.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 33
  • Dates: 1830?
    Notes:

    MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY
    
    ---------------------------
    RECORD
    ---------------------------
    
    Corporate Author
    University of Maryland (1812-1920). School of Medicine.
    
    Title Statement
    Memorial of the professors of the Medical College to the legislature of
    Maryland.
    
    Published
    [S.l. : s.n., ca. 1830?]
    
    Description
    4 p. : ; 22 cm.
    
    Title Statement
    Memorial of the professors of the Medical College to the legislature of
    Maryland.
    
    Subject
    Medical colleges --Maryland.
    
    Name Added Entry
    De Butts, Elisha, 1773-1831.
    
    Name Added Entry
    Potter, Nathaniel, 1770-1843.
    
    Call Number
    PAM2957
    
    Location
    Main Reading Room
    

    Source:

  • Dates: 1843
    Notes: Deaths: Prof. Nathaniel Potter, at Baltimore, January 2, aet. 72.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 698
  • Dates: 1843
    Notes: Dr. Nathaniel Potter ob aet 74
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 38

Bibliography

  • Armstrong, John, Practical illustrations of typhus fever, of the common continued fever, and of inflammatory diseases, &c. &c. By John Armstrong… with notes, critical and explanatory, by Nathaniel Potter Philadelphia: J. Webster.
  • Gregory, George, Treatise on the theory and practice of physic. By George Gregory, M.D. With notes and additions, adapted to the practice of the United States, by Nathaniel Potter…and S. Colhoun Philadelphia: Tower & Hogan.
  • Potter, Nathaniel, An essay on the medicinal properties and deletrious qualities of arsenic… Philadelphia: William W. Woodward. Thesis — University of Pennsylvania
    Microfilm. New Haven, Conn., Research Publications, 1973. 1 reel microfilm, 35 mm. (Early American medical imprints, 1668-1820; reel 76, no. 1558)
  • Potter, Nathaniel, Proposals for printing by subscription the Baltimore medical lycoeum Baltimore: s.n.. Broadside. Folio
    Microfilm. New Haven, Conn., Research Publications, 1973. 1 reel microfilm, 35 mm. (Early American medical imprints, 1668-1820; reel 76, no. 1560)
    Also: Microfiche. New York: Readex, 1985-1993. Microfiches; 11×15 cm. (Early American imprints. Second series; no. 23728)
  • Potter, Nathaniel, Some account of the rise and progress of the University of Maryland Baltimore: Printed by J. Robinson.
  • Potter, Nathaniel, Notes on the Locusta septentrionalis americanae decem septima Baltimore: Printed by J. Robinson. 27 p., [1] leaf of plates; col. ill.; 23 cm. (8vo)
  • Potter, Nathaniel, A memoir on contagion, more especially as it respects the yellow fever; read in convention of the Medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland, on the 3d of June 1817 Baltimore: E.J. Coale. [2], iv, [3]-117, [1] p. 23 cm.
    “An act for establishing an health office, and to secure the city and port of Philadelphia from the introduction of pestilential and contagious fevers” (dated March 17, 1806, with supplement and amendments dated 1806, 1812, 1813, and 1817); p. 74-112.

    Microfilm. New Haven, Conn., Research Publications, 1973. 1 reel microfilm, 35 mm. (Early American medical imprints, 1668-1820; reel 76, no. 1559)
    Also: Microfiche. New York: Readex, 1985-1993. Microfiches; 11×15 cm. (Early American imprints. Second series; no. 45397)

  • Potter, Nathaniel, An essay on the medicinal properties and deleterious qualities of arsenic: submitted to the examination of the Rev. John Ewing, S.S.T.P., provost; the trustees and medical faculty of the University of Pennsylvania, on the seventeenth day of May, 1796, for the degree of doctor of medicine, by Nathaniel Potter of Philadelphia Philadelphia: Printed by William W. Woodward, no. 17, Chesnut-street. [6], 64 p. 20 cm. Evans 31031
    Thesis — University of Pennsylvania
  • University of Maryland. Medical Department., [Address to the students of the university on the subject of private classes by professors]/University of Maryland, Medical Faculty. [Prepared by five members of the Medical Faculty: Nathaniel Potter, Samuel Baker, Richard Wilmot Hall, Maxwell McDowell, Granville Sharp Pattison] Baltimore: [The University?].