John Crawford

Birth: 1746, May 3
Death: 1813, May 9
Occupation: doctor

Associated Counties

  • Baltimore City

Directories

Date Name Occupation Address City
1807 John Crawford doctor 12 Hanover Street Baltimore City
1804 John Crawford M.D. 12 Hanover Street Baltimore City
1808 John Crawford doctor 12 Hanover Street Baltimore City
1803 John Crawford M.D. near 8 Hanover Street Baltimore City
1802 John Crawford M.D. ? Baltimore City

Additional Information

  • Dates: 1746-1813
    Notes: Biographical sketch
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 758-770
  • Dates: 1746-1813
    Notes:
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 88
  • Dates: 1746-1813
    Notes: Born in the north of Ireland, May 3, 1746. Educated at the College of Dublin; M.D., University of Leyden; Surgeon, East India Company; Physician to Hospital in Barbadoes; Physician to Dutch Colony in Demerara; returned to England, 1794; emigrated to America, 1796; one of the Founders, and Manager of the Baltimore General Dispensary, 1801; a Founder of the Bible Society of Baltimore and of the Penitentiary; Lecturer on Natural History, College of Medicine in Maryland, 1812; introduced vaccination at Baltimore, 1800; Grand Master of Masons of Maryland, 1801-13; Grand High Priest, G.R.A. Chapter of Maryland and the District of Columbia, 1807; Consulting Physician, Baltimore Hospital, 1812; Orator, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty, 1805. Dr. Crawford was one of the most enlightened physicians and noblest characters that have ever adorned the profession of this State. In 1790, while residing in Dutch Guiana, he conceived the germ theory of infectious diseases, and in 1807 he wrote a series of striking articles in its advocacy, being probably the first in English-speaking countries to do so. He also carried his theory into practice. Died at Baltimore, May 9, 1813.”
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 366
  • Dates: 1746-1813
    Notes: Crawford, Dr. John b. May 3, 1746 d. May 9, 1813
    Old Westminster Burial Ground, Baltimore, Baltimore city, Maryland, USA
    See: Find A Grave
    Source:
  • Dates: 1775
    Notes: “Dr. John Crawford arrives from Ireland.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 14
  • Dates: 1796
    Notes: Drs. John Beale Davidge, Nathaniel Potter and John Crawford begin practice in Baltimore.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 668
  • Dates: 1798-1808
    Notes: 1798, p. 45; 1799-1800, p. 362; Assessment Book 1800, p. 62; 1801-1883, p. 66; 1804-1808, p. 66
    Source: Baltimore City Archives. A Name Index to the Baltimore City Tax Records, 1798-1808. Baltimore: Baltimore City Archives, 1981. See Ancestry.Com
  • Dates: 1799
    Notes: ANDERSON, Henry, Balto. merchant, and Miss Crawford, dau. of Dr. Crawford of Hanover St., were married yesterday by Dr. Allison. (BTD, 24 Oct. 1799).
    Source: Barnes, Robert, Marriages and Deaths from Baltimore Newspapers 1796-1816 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 6
  • Dates: 1800
    Notes: “In the summer of this year (1800) Mr. Ring, of London, sent Dr. John Crawford of Baltimore, some vaccine virus, which was successfully used by Dr. Crawford in Baltimore. (This was contemporaneous with its earliest use by B. Waterhouse, July 8, 1800, see Ring on Cowpox, 1801. p. 459.). The supply of Waterhouse and Crawford gave out with these experiments, and Dr. Waterhouse’s second supply arrived in the spring of 1801, at the same time with that of Dr. James Smith.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 22
  • Dates: 1800
    Notes: During the summer of this year Dr. John Crawford introduces vaccination into Baltimore, the virus being obtained from Mr. Ring, London. This was contemporary with its use by Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse, of Cambridge, Mass., July 8 (see “Ring on Cowpox,” 1801, p. 459). The supply of Crawford and Waterhouse was exhausted and Waterhouse’s second supply arrived in 1801, simultaneously with a supply for Dr. James Smith, of Baltimore.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 672
  • Dates: 1801, Jan. 9
    Notes: “Baltimore General Dispensary organized by Drs. Crawford, James Smith, Robert H. Archer et al. (incorporated 1807).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 22-23
  • Dates: 1801/01/09
    Notes: Baltimore General Dispensary founded, chiefly through the efforts of Dr. John Crawford; 234 patients treated the first year (January 9).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 673
  • Dates: 1802-1813
    Notes: Board of Managers, Baltimore General Dispensary
    Source: Baxley, C. Herbert, ed., A History of the Baltimore General Dispensary Baltimore: Baltimore General Dispensary Foundation, Inc.: 105
  • Dates: 1803
    Notes: CRAWFORD, Thomas S., son of Dr. Crawford of Balto., died at Montpelier, France on 11 May, while studying medicine at the university there. (Baltimore Federal Gazette, 9 Aug. 1803).
    Source: Barnes, Robert, Marriages and Deaths from Baltimore Newspapers 1796-1816 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 74
  • Dates: 1803, Jun. 3
    Notes: “Medical and Chirurgical Faculty meet. Nat. Potter, Secretary; H. Wilkins, Treasurer; Censors Western Shore, Drs. Coulter, Crawford, Alexander, Archer, Sen., Geo. Brown, Chas. A. Warfield and James Stewart. Drs. Brown, Davidge et al. are appointed a committee to digest a plan for a Medical College.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 24
  • Dates: 1804
    Notes: “Medical Society of Baltimore, President, Dr. Dunkel; Vice-President, Jno. Crawford; J.B. Davidge, Secretary; Drs. Smyth, Mackenzie (C.), Potter, Chatard (P.), Alexander, members.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 24
  • Dates: 1804
    Notes: Penitentiary erected on Madison Street, near the York Road, largely through the efforts of Dr. John Crawford.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 674
  • Dates: 1805
    Notes: “Medical Society of Baltimore, President, Dr. Dunkel; Vice-President, Jno. Crawford; J.B. Davidge, Secretary; Drs. Smyth, Mackenzie (C.), Potter, Chatard (P.), Alexander, members.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 24
  • Dates: 1805/06
    Notes: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty meets at Baltimore; Drs. Crawford and Davidge deliver orations; vaccination again endorsed; licenses to be granted to oculists when competent.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 675
  • Dates: 1810
    Notes: Dr. John Crawford reports a striking proof of the contagious nature of phthisis pulmonalis in a man and wife (Report of Censors of Baltimore, MS. Archives). — Dr. Crawford also notes relief in pertussis by vaccination.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 677
  • Dates: 1811
    Notes: Review of “a lecture introductory to a course of lectures on the cause, seat and cure of diseases, proposed to be delivered in the city of Baltimore, by John Crawford, M.D.” — 1811.
    Source: Niles’ Weekly Register (Baltimore), 1811
  • Dates: 1812
    Notes: Consulting Physician (honorary), Board of Health
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 262
  • Dates: 1812
    Notes: Dr. John Crawford lectures on Natural History in Commerce Street.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 678
  • Dates: 1813
    Notes: CRAWFORD, Dr. John M.D., Right Worshipful Grand Master of the Masons of Md., died yesterday in his 68th year. (Baltimore Federal Gazette, 10 May 1813).
    Source: Barnes, Robert, Marriages and Deaths from Baltimore Newspapers 1796-1816 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 74
  • Dates: 1813
    Notes: “Dr. John Crawford ob. aet. 67.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 27
  • Dates: 1813/05/09
    Notes: Deaths: Drs. C.A. Warfield, in Anne Arundel County, January 29, aet. 61; John Crawford, at Baltimore, May 9, aet. 67; S.T. Johnson, at Easton, July 16; P.E. Noel, at Centerville, October 14, set. 45; James Cocke, at Baltimore, October 25.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 680

Bibliography

  • Crawford, John, A lecture, introductory to a course of lectures on the cause, seat and cure of diseases. Proposed to be delivered in the city of Baltimore… Baltimore: Published by Edward J. Coale; Benjamin Edes, printer. 51 p. 20 cm.
    Delivered at the College of Medicine of Maryland.
    Errata slip mounted on verso of title page.