George Buchanan

Birth: 1763, Sep. 19
Death: 1808, Jul. 9
Occupation: doctor

Associated Counties

  • Baltimore City

Directories

Date Name Occupation Address City
1803 George Buchanan M.D. King George Street, Old Town Baltimore City
1824 George A. Buchanan dentist SE corner of Camden and Hanover Baltimore City
1827 George Buchanan dentist 99 Sharp St. Baltimore City

Additional Information

  • Dates: 1763-1808
    Notes: BUCHANAN, George (1763-1808), a founder of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, was of Scotch descent, the son of Andrew and Susan Lawson Buchanan, and grandson of George Buchanan, the emigrant who laid out Baltimore town in 1730. He was born at “The Palace,” Baltimore County, Maryland, September 19, 1763, and studied under Dr. Charles Frederick Wisenthal (q.v.), a famous Prussian surgeon of Baltimore, and under Dr. William Shippen (q.v.) of Philadelphia. With the latter he served in the Revolution. He received an M. B. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 and then spent about three years in Europe, chiefly in medical study at Edinburgh University. While there he held the office of president of the “Royal Physical Society.” Returning to America, he received from Pennsylvania University his M.D. in 1789, his thesis being “Dissertato Physiologica de causis Respirationis ejusdemque Affectibus.” He began practice in Baltimore the same year. With Dr. Andrew Wisenthal (q.v.) he also attempted to found a medical school, and lectured during the winter of 1789-1790 to a class of nine students on “diseases of women and children and the Brunonian system.” In connection with this enterprise he published a treatise on “Typhus Fever,” the proceeds of which he desired to go towards the founding of a lying-in hospital. Unfortunately dissensions, the nature of which are not now evident, arose and, notwithstanding the efforts of Dr. Buchanan, the society was dissolved and the school abandoned. In 1790 he issued a letter to the inhabitants of Baltimore in which he urged the registration of deaths, the creation of a public park, and the establishment of a humane society. In a fourth-of-July oration the following year he discoursed on “The Moral and Political Evils of Slavery.” He retired from practice on account of bad health in 1800 and in 1806 removed to Philadelphia. There he became resident physician to the Lazarettos, in which institution he died of yellow fever on July 9, 1808, in his forty-fifth year. In 1789 he had married Laetitia, daughter of Thomas McKean of Pennsylvania, a signer of the “Declaration of Independence.”

    Eugene F. Cordell
    Source: Kelly, Howard A. and Burrage, Walter J., Dictionary of American Medical Biography: Lives of Eminent Physicians of the United States and Canada, From the Earliest Times [reprint of 1928 edition] Boston: Milford House: 162-63

  • Dates: 1763-1808
    Notes: Born at “The Palace,” Baltimore County, Md., September 19, 1763; son of Andrew Buchanan and grandson of George Buchanan, the emigrant. Pursued medical studies under Dr. Charles Frederick Wiesanthal, of Baltimore and Dr. William Shippen, of Philadelphia; then spent about three years in Europe, chiefly at Edinburgh; President, Royal Physicial Society, Edinburgh; M.B., University of Pennsylvania, 1785; M.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1789 (title of Thesis “Dissertatio Physiologica de Causis Respirationis ejusdemque Affectibus”); began practice at Baltimore, 1789; one of the founders of the first medical society, 1789; Lecturer on Obstetrics, 1789-90; Member of the City Council, 1797; Magistrate, 1798; retired from practice on account of bad health, 1800; moved to Philadelphia, 1806; Resident Physician, Philadelphia Lazaretto, where he died, July 9, 1808, of yellow fever; he was the author of a “Treatise upon Typhus,” 1789, pp. 25. He was a man of advanced views and public spirit.”
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 337
  • Dates: 1763-1874
    Notes:
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 70-71
  • Dates: 1783
    Notes: Among the physicians of Baltimore are Drs. Johnson, Goodwin, Troup, Andrews, Coale, Gilder, Brown, Littlejohn, Ross, Buchanan, and Wiesenthal.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 661
  • Dates: 1789
    Notes: “Dr. Geo. Buchanan (secundus, and grandson of the first) enters on practice.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 16
  • Dates: 1789
    Notes: Dr. George Buchanan publishes his “Treatise on Typhus Fever,” with the purpose of establishing a Lying-In Hospital at Baltimore (this is the first medical monograph of a Baltimore physician published.)
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 664
  • Dates: 1789
    Notes: Served as Attending Physician, Baltimore City and County Alms House, 1789
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 250
  • Dates: 1789
    Notes: Drs. George Buchanam, grandson of George Buchanan, the emigrant; Edward Johnson, Thomas Johnson, Andrew Wiesenthal, Miles Littlejohn and James Wynkoop begin practice at Baltimore.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 664
  • Dates: 1789, Dec. 6
    Notes: “Dr. Geo. Buchanan delivers lectures on Diseases of Women and Children, and on the Brunonian system, to a class of nine students (Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser, Nov. 13).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1789, Dec. 6
    Notes: “Dr. George Buchanan publishes his “Treatise on Typhus Fever,” for the benefit of establishing a Lying-in Hospital in Baltimore (the first medical monograph of a Baltimore physician published.)”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1789, Nov. 6
    Notes: “Medical Society of Baltimore reorganized, Dr. Edward Johnson, President; Andrew Wiesenthall, Secretary, Treasurer and Librarian; Drs. Jno. Boyd, Reuben Guilder, Geo. Buchanan and Geo. Brown, Court of Correspondence (Griffith).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1789, Sep. 11
    Notes: “Drs. Coale (S.S.), Wiesenthall (And.), Buchanan (Geo.), Guilder, Wynkoop, Johnson (Ed.), Brown (Geo.), and Littlejohn, appointed physicians to Alms-house.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1789/09/11
    Notes: Drs. S.S. Coale, Andrew Wiesenthal, George Buchanan, Reuben Guilder, James Wynkoop, Edward Johnson, George Brown and Miles Littlejohn appointed physicians to Almshouse (September 11).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 664
  • Dates: 1789/11/06
    Notes: The Medical Society reorganized, with Dr. Edward Johnson President; Andrew Wiesenthal, Secretary, Treasurer and Librarian; John Boyd, R. Guilder, George Buchanan and George Brown, Court of Correspondence (November 6 “Griffith’s Annals”).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 664
  • Dates: 1789/12/06
    Notes: Dr. Buchanan delivers lectures on Diseases of Women and Children and on the Brunonian System to a class of nine students (December 6, Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser), and Dr. Andrew Wiesenthal on Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Operative Surgery and the Gravid Uterus, to fifteen students, at his house, No. 40 North Gay Street (same date, Maryland Gazette).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 664
  • Dates: 1790
    Notes: “Dr. Geo. Buchanan suggests to the public the registration of deaths; the formation of a public park; and in conjunction with Drs. Wiesenthall, Coale, Wynkoop, Stevenson, Littlejohn, Falls (Moore) and Haslett, he appeals for the formation of a Humane Society.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1790
    Notes: Dr. George Buchanan urges the registration of deaths, the creation of a public park, and in conjunction with Drs. Wiesenthal, Coals, Wynkoop, Stevenson, Littlejohn, Moore Falls, and Hazleton, appeals for a Humane Society.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 665
  • Dates: 1790, Apr. 10
    Notes: “Programme of a Medical Faculty announced for the ensuing winter: A. Wiesenthall on Anatomy; Geo. Brown on Practice of Medicine; Lyde Goodwin on Surgery; S.S. Coale on Chemistry and Materia Medica; Geo. Buchanan on Midwifery (N.Y. Daily Advertiser).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1790, Mar. 16
    Notes: “The pupils of Dr. Buchanan and Wiesenthall publish a complimentary notice of the lectures delivered by these physicians during the previous winter, and ‘hope it may prove the beginning of a permanent Medical School.'”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1790/03/16
    Notes: Complimentary notice of lectures of Drs. George Buchanan and Andrew Wiesenthal, by their pupils; “hope it may prove the beginning of a permanent medical school.” (March 16).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 665
  • Dates: 1790/04/10
    Notes: The Faculty of Medical School announced, viz: A. Wiesenthal, Anatomy; George Brown, Medicine; Lyde Goodwin, Surgery; S.S. Coale, Chemistry and Materia Medica; George Buchanan, Midwifery (New York Daily Advertiser, April 10).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 665
  • Dates: 1791, Jul. 4
    Notes: “Dr. Geo. Buchanan delivers an oration ‘on the Moral and Political Evils of Slavery.'”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 17
  • Dates: 1791/07/04
    Notes: Dr. George Buchanan delivers an oration on “The Moreal and Political Evils of Slavery” (July 4).
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 666
  • Dates: 1797-8
    Notes: Served on Baltimore City Council, 1797-8
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 248
  • Dates: 1798-1803
    Notes: 1798, p. 1; 1799-1800, p. 13; 1801-1803, p. 12
    Source: Baltimore City Archives. A Name Index to the Baltimore City Tax Records, 1798-1808. Baltimore: Baltimore City Archives, 1981. See Ancestry.Com
  • Dates: 1799
    Notes: Served as Baltimore City Magistrate, 1799
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 248
  • Dates: 1799, Jan. 20
    Notes: “Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland incorporated, its charter members from Baltimore being Drs. Geo. Buchanan 2d, Lyde Goodwin, Ashton Alexander, Arthur Pue, Daniel Moores and Henry Stevenson. It organizes (June 3) at Annapolis, but the election of Dr. Upton Scott, of Annapolis, as President, and Ashton Alexander, of Baltimore, Secretary (Baltimore Daily Advertiser,June 11).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 21
  • Dates: 1799, Jun.
    Notes: one of 101 incorporators of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 22
  • Dates: 1800
    Notes: Benevolent Society of Baltimore organized; suggested by Mrs. Eleanor Rogers, mother-in-law of Dr. Geo. Buchanan, primus.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 672
  • Dates: 1800
    Notes: Benevolent Society of Baltimore City and County organized; suggested by Mrs. Eleanor Rogers, mother-in-law of Dr. Geo. Buchanan (primus).”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 22
  • Dates: 1808
    Notes: “dr. Geo. Buchanan (secundus) ob. of yellow fever at Lazaretto, Philadelphia, of which he was physician, aet. 45.”
    Source: Quinan, John Russell, Medical Annals of Baltimore from 1608 to 1880, including Events, Men and Literature to which is added a Subject Index and Record of Public Services Baltimore: Press of Isaac Friedenwald: 25
  • Dates: 1808
    Notes: BUCHANAN, Dr. George, Lazaretto physician for the port of Phila., died 9th inst. For many years he was a magistrate in Balto., and moved to Phila. In 1806. (Long obit gives additional biographical data) (Baltimore Federal Gazette, 30 July 1808).
    Source: Barnes, Robert, Marriages and Deaths from Baltimore Newspapers 1796-1816 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 43
  • Dates: 1808/07/09
    Notes: Death: Dr. George Buchanan, at Lazaretto, Philadelphia, July 9, of yellow fever, aet. 45.
    Source: Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Medical Annals of Maryland 1799-1899 Baltimore: The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty for the State of Maryland: 677

Bibliography

  • Buchanan, George, A treatise upon the typhus fever: published for the benefit of establishing a lying-in hospital, in Baltimore Baltimore: William Goddard. 25 p. 16 mo.
    Evans 21717
  • Buchanan, George, Dissertatio physiologica inauguralis, de causis respirationis ejusdemque effectibus… Phildelphia: Prichard et Hall. Thesis — University of Pennsylvania