Death: 1859, Jun. 05
- Baltimore City
- Dates: 1859/06/22
Death of Dr. Gideon Bailey
The intelligence brought by the Persia, which arrived last evening, of the death of Doctor BAILEY, Editor of the National Era, will be a cause of grief to the many friends of that estimable man. He left here on the 28th of last month, in the steamship Arago, intending to make a tour of Europe for the benefit of his health, and he died, it appears, on the 5th inst., in mid-ocean. The career of Dr. BAILEY was a remarkable one. He was a native of Mount Holley, N.J., but received his education in Philadelphia, where he was taken in his 9th year by his father. He studied for the medical profession, and received his diploma when he was 21. After making a voyage to Canton as surgeon of a merchant ship, he commenced his editorial career in Baltimore, by taking charge of the Methodist Protestant. He emigrated to Cincinnati in 1836, to practice his profession, and in 1836, joined JAMES G. BIRNEY in conducting the Cincinnat Philanthropist, the first Anti-Slavery journal published West of the Alleghanies. His office was mobbed, his press thrown into the Ohio, and his books and papers were burned in the street. But he was not daunted by these persecutions, and assumed the entire control of his paper, the furniture of which was a second time destroyed by the mob. On the establishment of an Anti-Slavery paper at the seat of Government in 1847, he was selected by the projectors of the scheme to be its editor, and, in 1847, went to Washington to enter on his new duties. He had to contend there not only with a popular mob which assailed his office during three days, but with the friends who had induced to him to undertake the enterprise; they became discouraged and he purchased the paper, which he conducted with great success, both as an influential journal and as a commerical speculation. It was in this paper that Mrs. STOWE’S story of Uncle Tom’s Cabin was first published. His great success led him to publish a daily paper during the last Presidential campaign, which did not result profitably to him. He was a vigorous and rapid writer, but of a slight constitution, which at last broke down under his incessant application to his duties. When he left New-York he was not suppose to be dangerously ill, and the news of his death will be a fearful blow to his family and personal acquaintances, by whom he was greatly beloved.
SOURCE: New York Times Jun. 22, 1859